How to Install Chains On a Semi Truck

How to Install Chains On a Semi Truck
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    Hi there smart drivers. Rick with Smart Drive Test talking to you today about
    how to put chains on a big truck. And make sure you do it before you spin out,
    not after you spin out. So stick around. We'll be right back with that information.
    Hi they smart drivers. Rick with Smart drive test talking to you
    [INTRO AND UPBEAT MUSIC]
    Hi they smart drivers. Rick with Smart Drive test talking to you
    today about how to put chains on a big truck. Now just before we get started
    here I would like to thank Inland Kenworth here in Vernon, British Columbia, Canada for supplying
    a truck, supplying chains, and equipment for me to be able to do this and show
    you how to put chains on a big truck. And these are real chains; these are triples. They're
    not cables or some other sort of knockoff that you can use going up and
    down the highway. In British Columbia, or running in the bush, doing logging, or
    you're running in the oil fields, or you're running up and down the
    Coquihalla Highway, or the snow Snoqualmie Pass or other places you're going to
    need a set of these on your vehicle. And actually, here in British Columbia, Canada you
    have to have them on your vehicle and ready to be fitted between October 1st
    and March 31st. That is the law here. And as well, there's a particular way that you
    have to chain up your vehicle. And I'll put a link down in the description there
    and you can find that sheet over at the Smart Drive Test website. That will give
    you and guide of which axles you have to chain up for the purposes of being
    legal and driving on the roads here. Now just before we get started here, if you're
    new to Smart Drive Test, Smart Drive Test helps new drivers get a license, veteran
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    truck or bus driver. So consider subscribing. As well, hit that bell, that
    way you'll get instant notification when we get the videos up for you. Now putting
    chains on a big truck is not something that any driver wants to do! Every driver
    that I have ever talked to hates putting chains on a big truck. And it usually
    happens at night, in the dark, it's cold, it's around freezing, and there is mud
    and crap and sand and salt and every other thing that you can imagine
    dripping off your truck. And if you have a trailer on here, it's not so bad if
    you've got a logging trailer, but van trailers and those types of things,
    you're gonna have to stick your head under there and you are gonna get
    dripped on with this... just awful mess! What they call in the plow industry pickle
    mix--sand and salt--dripping on your head. So you're going to need some
    old clothes. I've got a scarf on here. You probably don't want a
    scarf hanging out while you're trying to work, so you want to do up your jacket so
    that's not going to get caught in anything. You want to have some sort of safety and
    those types of things. [ZIPPING UP JACKET] So I'm trying to get my jacket done up
    here for you. Preferably you want a pair of old coveralls that you can wear. Get
    your scarf in there because you want to stay warm. You're definitely going to
    need a pair of gloves for chaining up to protect your hands and just keep them
    warm. So you'll probably want a better pair of gloves than this. It's fairly
    warm today. You might even want a pair of coveralls. And I have a fairly large old
    pair of coveralls that I have here. And the reason I have them is big and large
    is so that I can fit them over my jacket and clothing and those types of things. And
    stay nice and warm in the winter time. So that's a couple of things that you need
    for chains. As well we'll, just get the chains out here and we'll show you how
    to lay them out to put them on the truck. So the first thing you want to do is you
    want to lay your chains out on the ground. You want to make sure that the
    tines are up. You want to inspect the chains and make sure that there's no broken
    or stretched links. And you want to figure out what kind you have. You can
    see here on this set of chains that you have the cantilever hook up on the ends
    of the chain. Some of them will have the cambers on them. You'll have to have
    a T-wrench and you'll have to turn those. But these work just fine. We'll show you
    how to put these on here. You just fold them over towards you and
    then lift them up by the center and drape them over the wheels. And then drape
    them over both wheels. And I'll show you how to do that here. So you take the back
    set and fold it towards you like this. Just fold it over in half more or less
    as best you can on top of the other one. That's simple. You basically take it and
    grab it in the middle here and drape it over the front tire as such best you can
    here. And then take it and flip it back over the back tire as such here we're
    more or less straight make sure it's all nice and drape here. And that's it. And
    then we back up over the tire a couple of feet. And we'll get in the truck and
    we'll do that. [TRUCK BACKING]
    All right. So we got it backed up. So we just adjust our chains so they're nice.
    And here, grab the bottom one here.
    Sometimes that's going happen. You're not going to back up far enough. So we just
    back it up a little bit more. [TRUCK BACKING] So we're back to the place where we need to be
    now. Now you can hook these up in whatever order you want. But you're going to
    have to... you're gonna have to mess around with them a little bit here. So we'll
    hook the center one up here and then we'll hook the inside one up here. And I
    know from hooking these up before in a practice run that it was the second one
    here. We'll hook that up just to get that on there. And then we'll do the front one
    here. You just want to stretch it out, weave this through here, and then fold
    this back over here and link it on.
    You can see it's going to be a bit finicky. And that's basically all it is here. Now
    this center one here, you might have to just see if you can get another link in there.
    So now I got two links on the center one.
    I'm not very happy with it because it needs to be hooked from underneath for
    it to be tight, otherwise it might come off on you. Okay looks like on this one
    here we're only gonna get two links. I'm going to have to come back to it get that through
    there first. No it's pretty loose. Try to go for three here. Slide back, get the
    links out of there. Tons of fun! There we go. There we go!
    Okay I'll take it up. The back one. We're going to do one more link. So we're going to
    re-adjust that one. You want to try and keep them even & as tight as you can. So
    up the back we got to four - okay. Oh good! Now we'll put our bungee cord on
    here. Try and put it on equal distance around here. So equal distance,
    equal distance. Okay, all right. It's fairly snug. This thing is tight. [STRAINING TO STRETCH BUNGEES] So just be sure that you
    don't let it snap back In your eyes there. There we go. One more note about
    driving with chains on on a big truck. You're probably not going to do more than
    30 or 40 miles an hour--50 or 60 kilometers an hour--depending on what
    kind of terrain you're in. Because chains are going to slop around a lot and
    they're gonna make a lot of noise. You're not going to go very fast with chains on. So
    just know that when you chain up. So you can see we've got it all chained up here.
    You're ready to go now. The other thing about chaining up is you always need to
    put it on the front axle. Especially driving a tandem axle.
    This is a triple axle, but on a tandem axle, depending on whether you've got
    lockers (Inter-Axle Locks) on your truck or not. Most trucks are just going to have a power divider,
    which locks across the front axle. And that's where you put your chains. The one
    that you can lock up the differential. Otherwise it's not going to do any good
    on snow and ice. Most of these logging trucks, like this one here, have power
    dividers, as you can see here in the image, which means that it locks the
    inter axles, it locks all three of them and then the whole thing just churns.
    Because one old-timer said going up the hill he said you don't have
    any steering power because the thing is just pushing you forward. So
    oftentimes what they'll do is turn the lockers off, going around the corner - go around
    the corner, and then turn the lockers back on to get back up the hill. So that's what
    you've got to keep in mind. This is why when you chain up, they always recommend
    that you chain up the front axle. But a lot of times that's going to be
    difficult because you got fenders on there and you get van trailers and those
    types of things. And it's going to be really problematic. So this is how you
    chain up. This is how you put chains on. As I said, wear old clothes because it's going
    be messy. You can see my gloves are completely soaked at this juncture, my
    boots are wet. I'm here in the slush and this is when you're going to be putting
    chains on. Not when there's two feet of snow on the ground, it's when there's two
    inches of snow on the ground is when you're gonna putting chains on. And don't
    chain up after you spin out! One of my former students, who worked in the bush:
    he said if you even have the thought of having to put chains on, it's too late! So
    that's what you need to do to put chains on I'm Rick with smart drive test thanks
    very much for watching. Good luck on your road test. And remember, pick
    the best answer, not necessarily the right answer. Have a great day. Bye now. [UPBEAT MUSIC]
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