How 'Game of Thrones' Stunt People Are Set On Fire

How 'Game of Thrones' Stunt People Are Set On Fire
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    -Action!
    -Last year, "Game of Thrones" set a world record
    for the most stunt people on fire in one shot.
    And it looks like it hurt.
    A lot.
    Can't Hollywood just use CGI?
    Each year, dozens of movies and TV shows
    feature scenes where stunt performers
    are set on fire.
    It turns out, this is often done with real fire,
    not visual effects.
    Fire and water are some of the hardest things
    to create in CGI.
    And stunt performers bring a unique take to each scene.
    -What you still get from a person
    that you won't get from VFX
    is a human performance and their own take
    on something.
    -That's stunt coordinator Rowley Irlam.
    He's worked on films like "Guardians of the Galaxy"
    and "Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows."
    His latest project has been the last four seasons
    of "Game of Thrones."
    Sounds easy, right?
    Get a few stunt people, some fire,
    and your scene will look great!
    Turns out, even just a few seconds of fire
    requires a lot of work.
    You're not just setting people on fire,
    you have to set them on fire safely.
    The most extreme type of burn is one
    where the stunt person is fully engulfed in flame.
    But the biggest risk isn't burning their skin.
    -You need to be holding your breath,
    so you don't breathe in any kind of flame.
    -In order to keep stunt performers safe,
    Rowley and his team count out loud
    to let them know how much time is left.
    -Rowley: 11! 12! Out, out, out!
    -They remain on fire
    for no more than 15 seconds.
    -The danger is disorientation,
    or if you were to injure yourself
    or bang into something, you know.
    What you don't want to do is breathe in
    because of a shock of pain or injury.
    -Stunt coordinators try to anticipate
    and eliminate anything that could go wrong
    or cause an injury.
    Everything is rehearsed multiple times,
    so everyone knows where to go and what to do.
    -If you do enough of it,
    you become competent and confident.
    We run a very controlled set, you know,
    we make a plan, and we stick to the plan,
    and we execute the plan.
    -In addition to lots of rehearsal,
    stunt performers wear a ton of protective gear.
    And their secret ingredient
    is a flame-retardant material called Zel Jel.
    For "Game of Thrones," stunt performers wear
    three layers of fireproof underwear,
    which is soaked in Zel Jel.
    Above that is a rain suit to prevent the gel
    from being absorbed by the other layers.
    Next is a fire suit and a thin cotton suit.
    Any exposed skin is also coated in Zel Jel.
    Finally, their costume goes on top.
    -Rowley: You are now ready to be set on fire.
    -And Rowley Irlam is no stranger
    to setting people on fire.
    For season seven of "Game of Thrones,"
    20 stunt performers were set ablaze at a single time,
    and 73 were lit on fire
    throughout the course of the scene.
    Each performer has their own safety partner,
    who helps them get dressed and extinguishes their fire.
    For every four safety people,
    there is an additional safety person.
    That's more than 45 crew members for just one stunt.
    It took weeks of pre-production
    and multiple cameras to shoot.
    But the key to making that scene convincing
    wasn't the fire.
    It was the acting.
    -What we wanted to do is find the humanity
    of the situation.
    These are the human moments
    when you feel their suffering.
    -Crafting a scene that looks realistic
    while maintaining strict safety standards isn't easy.
    -Well, the challenging thing is
    to make sure that you don't make a mistake.
    If we can get through stuff and make it look
    really, really exciting and dynamic
    and not hurt anybody, then we've won.
    When we were planning to do the 20-man burn,
    it was going to rain on Monday.
    And I was like, "Well, it's sunny now."
    And they were like, "Okay, what do you mean?"
    I said, "Well, let's do this afternoon then."
    And he was like, "But we can't!"
    And I was like, "Well, why?"
    And he went, "I don't know."
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